Chapter 3:
Employers Group Guide to Acronyms in Human Resources

Last Edited June 2006


Jump to a letter: A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z


A

AA. . . . . . . Alcoholics Anonymous

AAA . . . . . .American Arbitration Association

AAHP . . . . American Association of Health Plans

AAP . . . . . .Affirmative Action Plan (or program) -- A plan developed by an employer to comply with the Executive Order 11246, Rehabilitation Acts, Vietnam Veterans Act, or state regulation, etc. To actively seek out protected class members for inclusion in the workforce regarding hiring, promotion, training, etc. (Federal)

AARP . . . . American Association of Retired Persons

AB . . . . . . .Assembly Bill -- Legislation that is initiated by the Assembly of the State of California

ABO . . . . . .Accumulated Benefit Obligation -- Under FASB-87, the actuarial present value of benefits attributed to pension benefit formulas on employee service which differs from "projected benefits obligation"

ACA . . . . . . American Compensation Association

ACLU . . . . .American Civil Liberties Union

ACP . . . . . . .Actual Contribution Percentage -- The ratio of employee and matching contributions to be deferred into the trust divided by the total compensation of the eligible groups of participants. Part of the IRS code 401(k)

ADA . . . . . . .Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 -- Federal legislation designed to make it illegal to discriminate against an individual with a disability

ADAAG . . . . Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines -- Refers to Department of Justice guidelines under 28 CFR part 36, Appendix A (federal)

AD&D . . . . .Accidental Death & Dismemberment -- Type of insurance providing for payment of benefits for injury due to non-work-related injuries

ADEA . . . . . .Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (as amended) -- Federal legislation prohibiting discrimination in employment on the basis of age 40 and above

ADP . . . . . . .Actual Deferred Percentage -- The ratio of employer contributions elected to be deferred into a trust divided by total compensation of the eligible groups of participants. Part of the IRS Code 401(k).

ADRA . . . . . .Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Act (California)

ADR . . . . . . .Alternate Dispute Resolution -- A collection of procedures for avoiding court litigation

AFDC . . . . . .Aid to Families with Dependent Children

AFL-CIO . . . .American Federation of Labor -- Congress of Industrial Organizations

AFSME . . . . . American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees

AICPA . . . . American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

AIDS . . . . . .Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AIME . . . . . .Average Indexed Monthly Earning -- Average of employee's covered wages from 1951 through the year the employee turns age 59 indexed against all wage earners in year employee turns age 60 used by Social Security

ALJ . . . . . . .Administrative Law Judge -- Person hired by a regulatory agency, like Employment Development Department, to hold hearings and render judgments in the administrative matters pending before the agency within the scope of authority specified in the regulations

AME . . . . . Agreed Medical Evaluator -- Medical examiner qualified to render an opinion on a work related injury that is selected by the employee and employer from a panel of three examiners presented to the injured employee by the Workers' Compensation carrier

AMW . . . . . .Average Monthly Wage -- Social Security benefit formula used prior to 1977 for employees born before 1917

ANSI . . . . . .American National Standards Institute

AOE . . . . . . .Arising Out of Employment -- Term used to describe injury or illness to an employee that results directly from the employment activity and may be compensable under Workers' Compensation

APB . . . . . . Accounting Principles Board

AQMD . . . . .Air Quality Management District -- Regulatory body within California that has responsibility for air pollution programs and oversee employer's emission reduction programs like ridesharing

AQR . . . . . .Arbitrators Qualification Report

ARA . . . . . Area Redevelopment Act of 1961 -- Bill signed by President Kennedy aimed at expanding economic growth in chronic labor surplus areas

ASO . . . . . .Administrative Service Only -- Term that describes a type of insurance plan where a carrier performs limited duties in the administration of a health plan and assumes no financial risk

ASPA . . . . .American Society for Payroll Management

ASTD . . . . .American Society of Training and Development

A&S . . . . . .Accident and Sickness plans provide benefit coverage to employees for periods of non-work related illness and accidents

AWS . . . . .Alternative Work Schedule

AWW . . . . .Alternative Work Week

AWW . . . . .Average Weekly Wage -- Amount used to determine indemnity award for Workers' Compensation (SAWW = State Average Weekly Wage)

 


B

BA . . . .. . . Business Agent -- Typically the person designated from the labor union to work with members of company management to resolve issues regarding the negotiated labor contract

BA. . . . . Business Associate -- HIPAA -- A person or entity hired by the covered entity (health plan) to perform a function on behalf of the covered entity.

BCIS . . . . . Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services -- under the Department of Homeland Security

BFOQ . . . . Bona-fide Occupational Qualification -- A defense used by employers against claims of discrimination under state or federal FEP (Federal Employment Practices) laws

BLS . . . . . .Bureau of Labor Statistics-- Federal agency within (DOL) Department of Labor. This agency has no enforcement or administrative functions. It produces the CPI and wage surveys as a part of its responsibilities.

BNA . . . . . Bureau of National Affairs -- Private organization that publishes information on a variety of labor and human resources topics

BOFE . . . . Bureau of Field Enforcement -- A branch of the CA Labor Commissioner's office that handles wage claims for a whole class of employees as a result of Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE) audit

BYB . . . . .Base Year Beginning -- Term used to describe date on which the base year calculation begins for Unemployment Insurance claims

BYE . . . . .Base Year Ending -- Term used to describe date on which the base year calculation ends for Unemployment Insurance claims

 


C

C&R . . . . .Compromise and Release -- Settlement arranged between parties of a Workers' Compensation claim, and approved by the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board (WCAB)

CAFTA . . . . . Central American Free Trade Agreement (federal)

Cal-OHI . . . . California Office of HIPAA implementation

Cal-OSHA . . .California Occupational Safety and Health Administration -- California agency enforces occupational safety and health standards and regulations in California

CBA . . . . .Collective Bargaining Agreement -- Term to describe the negotiated contract between an employer and a union representing employees

CCC . . . . .California Civil Code

CCCP . . . . California Code of Civil Procedure

CCH . . . . . Commerce Clearing House -- Similar to BNA

CCR . . . . . .California Code of Regulations -- Similar to the CFR at a state level

CCP . . . . . .Code of Civil Proceedings (California)

CCPA . . . . . Consumer Credit Protection Act of 1968 -- Among other things this Act limits the amount of an employee's earnings that may be garnished and protects the employee from being discharged for any one indebtedness

CDC . . . . . . Centers for Disease Control -- Monitors disease and outbreaks of disease

CDF . . . . . . California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection

CDHP . . . . Consumer-Directed Health Plan

CEBS . . . . . Certified Employee Benefits Specialist -- Designation of an individual who has passed a comprehensive battery of tests in the field of employee benefits thru the IFEBP and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

CEC . . . . . . California Elections Code

CEC . . . . . . Also: California Employers Council

 

CEIR . . . . . .California Employer Information Report -- Similar to EEO-1 Report (federal) produced by employers subject to state affirmative action plans. This report details the breakdown of employees by race and gender within job categories. There is no filing requirement but the report must be prepared and maintained if employer has 100 or more employees. EEO-1 may be substituted.

CEO . . . . . Chief Executive Officer

CETA . . . . . .Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973 -- Federal legislation establishing training programs to help prepare persons facing serious barriers to the public regulations and legal notice issued by federal agencies

CFO . . . . . . Chief Financial Officer

CFR . . . . . . .Code of Federal Regulations -- Published daily, Monday through Friday, by the Office of Federal Register, it provides a uniform system for making available to the public regulations and legal notices issued by federal agencies

CFRA . . . . . .California Family Rights Act -- California legislation requiring employers to grant leaves to eligible employees (Similar to FMLA)

CGC . . . . . . .California Government Code

CHRO . . . . . Chief Human Resources Officer

CH&S . . . . . .California Health and Safety Code

CIC . . . . . . . .California Insurance Code

CLC . . . . . . . California Labor Code

CLU . . . . . . . Chartered Life Underwriter

CM&VC . . . . .California Military and Veterans Code

CMS . . . . . . Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services -- Administers Medicare, Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program

CMS . . . . . . Compensation Management Specialist from the IFEBP and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

COB . . . . . . . Coordination of Benefits -- Term describing a provision of an insurance plan that allows for plan benefits to be distributed considering other similar insurance coverage that may exist so that plan beneficiaries receive up to the full amount of coverage

COBRA . . . . .Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 -- Federal legislation requiring employers of 20 or more employees to offer continuation of benefits to eligible employees and dependents who lose health care benefits under specific circumstances (Federal)

CODA . . . . . .Cash-or-Deferred Arrangements -- In a stock bonus plan or profit sharing plan the provision that allows an employee to be paid in cash or to leave the money in a trust under the plan

COE . . . . . . .Course of Employment -- Term describing injuries to employees in connection with the job, including commuting between job sites or other activities not directly related to job tasks

COLA . . . . . Cost of Living Adjustment/Allowance -- An increase or decrease in wages based on the fluctuation of the Consumer Price Index (CPI)

COLI . . . . . .Corporate Owned Life Insurance -- Employer owned life insurance on key individuals that may provide income upon retirement, pre-retirement life insurance protection or a fund to reimburse employers for a non-qualified deferred compensation plan

COO . . . . . .Chief Operating Officer

CPC . . . . . . California Penal Code

CPDA . . . . .California Pregnancy Disability Act -- State legislation requiring employers with 5 or more employees to grant female employees time off for periods of disability due to pregnancy

CPI . . . . . . Consumer Price Index -- Index issued monthly by the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics measuring the average change in prices of goods and services in a particular area

CRA . . . . . .Civil Rights Act of 1866 -- Federal legislation that bars race discrimination in the making and enforcement of private and public employers contracts (Revised in 1870)

CRA . . . . . .Civil Rights Act of 1871 -- Federal legislation that prohibits employment discrimination committed by any person acting under state or local law

CRA . . . . . .Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- Federal legislation that contains regulations to eliminate all employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in all industries affecting interstate commerce

CRA . . . . . .Civil Rights Act of 1968 -- Federal legislation that provides for criminal penalties for interference with a person's employment rights based on race, color, religion or national origin

CRA . . . . . . Civil Rights Act of 1991 -- Federal legislation that provides for compensatory and punitive damages and jury trial in the case of sex, religious or disability bias. Includes the Glass Ceiling Act of 1991 and the Government Employee Rights Act of 1991.

CSR . . . . . . .Continued Stay Review -- A utilization review that determines whether continued hospital care is appropriate

CSV . . . . . . .Cash Surrender Value -- Term describing the value of a life insurance plan less deductions for such things as loans

CTD . . . . . . .Cumulative Trauma Disorder -- Term describes injuries caused by stress of repetitive motion in job duties

CTO . . . . . . .Compensatory Time Off -- Practice of allowing employees to take time off instead of receiving compensation for overtime hours worked under FLSA or IWC Orders

CUIAB . . . . .California Unemployment Insurance Appeals Bond -- Currently a seven member panel appointed by the Governor and legislature that exercises independent review of appeals and petitions from administrative actions of the EDD

CUIC . . . . . .California Unemployment Insurance Code -- Regulations that establish the guidelines for determining responses to claims presented to EDD

CUIC . . . . . .Also: California Unemployment Insurance Council

 


D

DBA . . . . . . Doing Business As -- Common language reference to a business owner that operates under another name

DBP . . . . . . Defined Benefit Plan -- Type of pension plan under which the benefits to be provided to employees are fixed, such as through a formula or flat amount

DCAS . . . . . Defense Contracts Administration Service

DCP . . . . . . Defined Contribution Plan -- Type of employee benefit plan in which individual accounts are set up for each individual and the benefits are based on the contribution to the accounts

DDS . . . . Department of Developmental Services (California)

DEFRA . . . . Deficit Reduction Act of 1984 -- Federal legislation that amended ERISA and placed emphasis on expanding non-discrimination rules in benefit plans

DFEH . . . . . Department of Fair Employment and House (California)

DHS . . . .Department of Health Services (California)

DI . . . . . . . .Disability Insurance

DIR . . . . . . .Department of Industrial Relations -- California agency responsible to foster, promote and develop the welfare of wage earners of California, to improve their working conditions, and to advance their opportunities for profitable employment

DLSE . . . . . Division of Labor Standards Enforcement -- California state agency under the Labor Commissioner empowered to hear employee claims against employers, conduct investigations and hold hearings

DMH . . . . Department of Mental Health (California)

DMV . . . . . Department of Motor Vehicles (California)

DOB . . . . . . Date of Birth

DOH . . . . . . Date of Hire

DOI . . . . . . . Date of Injury -- Relates to injuries on-the-job that are filed as Workers' Compensation claims

DOI . . . . Department of Insurance (California)

DOJ . . . . . . . Department of Justice (federal)

DOK . . . . . . .Date of Knowledge -- Date on which employer became knowledgeable of an employee injury that is compensable under Workers' Compensation and used to determine if penalties are due to the employer for failure to comply in timely manner

DOL . . . . . . .Department of Labor

DOR . . . . . . .Declaration of Readiness -- Notice given to Workers' Compensation Appeals Board that parties are ready to proceed, and request the matter be placed on the court's calendar

DOSH . . . . . Division of Occupational Safety and Health (California)

DOT . . . . . . .Department of Transportation

DOT . . . . . . .Also: Dictionary of Occupational Titles -- A publication of the United States Employment Service of the DOL that codifies and describes over 20,000 jobs and occupations

DRGs . . . . . .Diagnosis-related Groups -- Codes used by Medicare and hospitals for assigning costs for procedures that are reimbursable under medical insurance plans

DWC . . . . . . Division of Workers' Compensation -- California agency within DIR that administers and enforces provisions of the Labor Code relating to Workers' Compensation

 


E

E&O . . . . . . Errors and Omissions -- Usually a type of insurance carried by a business to protect against certain types of liability

EAC . . . . . . Employer Advisory Council -- A partnership with industry, human resources and EDD to maintain a communication exchange for mutual benefits of all

EAD . . . . . . Employment Authorization Document -- Permits authorized aliens to work temporarily in the United States

EAG . . . . . . Employer Advisory Group -- Organization within the Employment Development Department (EDD)

EAP . . . . . . Employee Assistance Program -- Benefit program sponsored by an employer to aid employees with counseling for personal problems

EBRI . . . . . . Employee Benefits Research Institute

EBSA . . . . . Employee Benefits Security Administration (formerly the Pension Welfare Benefits Program (PWBP)

EDD . . . . . . Employment Development Department -- California agency that administers unemployment insurance, state disability insurance, California Personal Income Tax programs, etc.

EEO-1 . . . . . Data form required to be filed by an employer on an annual basis with the EEO Joint Reporting Committee that describes the employer's workforce by job category, racial and gender breakdowns

EEOC . . . . . Equal Employment Opportunity Commission -- Five member federal agency appointed by the President charged with administration of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 regarding discrimination cases under the act

EFT . . . . . . . Electronic Funds Transfer -- Paperless program available to employers that wish to submit payment into the unemployment fund through EDD

EGTRRA . . . Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

EIN . . . . . . . Employer Identification Number -- Number assigned by the IRS for employers to use in completing various federal forms

Elaws . . . . . . Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses

eLCOSH . . . . Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety and Health -- A safety site on the web created by the Center to Protect Workers' Rights. Directed at the construction industry. Includes the following sites: (1) Informs workers about hazards and how to protect themselves; (2) Contractors, designers and owners who want information about what must be done to protect workers; (d) Doctors looking for information regarding symptoms that patients/employees may encounter on the job; and (4) policymakers and researchers wanting to learn more about health and safety in the construction industry.

ELEAA . . . . .Employee Literacy Education Assistance Act (California)

EO . . . . . . . .Executive Order (Presidential)

EOB . . . . . . .Explanation of Benefits -- Statement produced by health insurance carrier that indicates status of claim payment, including out-of-pocket expenses like annual deductibles that is distributed to employer and employee

EOE . . . . . . .Equal Opportunity Employer

EOS . . . . . . . Equal Opportunity Specialist -- Representative of the OFFCP that performs audits of the company Affirmative Action Plans (AAP)

EPA . . . . . . . Equal Pay Act of 1963 -- Federal legislation aimed at eliminating differentials in pay based solely on sex

EPO . . . . . . .Exclusive Provider Organization -- Panel of health care providers identified by insurance carrier as only providers covered under plan with no reimbursement available for services rendered by unaffiliated providers

EPPA . . . . . .Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 -- Federal legislation placing restrictions on the use of polygraphs in employment setting

ESPP . . . . . . Employee Stock Purchase Plans (Must meet requirements of Internal Revenue Code Section 423)

ETP . . . . . . .Employment Training Panel -- A cooperative program between business and labor to fund training to meet the needs of California employers funded by tax on the first $7,000 of wages

et seq . . . . . Et sequens (and the following one or ones)

ERISA . . . . Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 -- Federal legislation that establishes rules regarding qualified benefit plans offered by employers and provides insurance through EBSA (formerly PBGC) covering the termination of defined benefit pension plans

ERTA . . . . . Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 -- Federal legislation amending ERISA and with respect to ESOP's and stock options and expanded IRA account limit to $2,000

ESA . . . . . . .Employment Standards Administration -- Federal agency in the DOL that oversees various departments like Wage & Hour

ESOP . . . . . .Employee Stock Ownership Plan -- Defined contribution benefit plan designed to encourage employees to purchase stock in the company

ESR . . . . . . . Employer Service Representative

ETT . . . . . . . Employment Training Tax -- Employers who have positive balance on their unemployment fund pay a 1% tax each year for training programs sponsored by EDD

 


F

401(k) . . . . . . Cash or Deferred arrangement under that section of the IRS Code

403(b) . . . . . . Tax sheltered annuity plan under that section of the IRS Code for schools and tax-exempt organizations to offer their employees

F&A . . . . . . . Findings and Awards -- An order issued by an Administrative Law Judge when a Workers' Compensation claimant receives an award

F&O . . . . . . .Finding and Order -- An order issued by the Administrative Law Judge when a Workers' Compensation does not receive an award

FACTA . . . . . .The Fair and Accurate Credit Transaction Act of 2003 -- Amended the FCRA and among other things imposed on employers and others requirements for disposing of certain information effective June 1, 2005

FASB . . . . . . .Financial Accounting Standards Board -- The private organization that promulgates generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for accounting in publicly owned companies

FBI . . . . . . . . . Fedeal Bureau of Investigation

FCRA . . . . . . Fair Credit Reporting Act -- Federal legislation that is Title VI of the Consumer Credit Protection Act of 1968, subjects employers to certain disclosure obligations when they seek to investigate employees or applicants

FEHA . . . . . . Fair Employment and Housing Act (California)

FEHC . . . . . . Fair Employment and Housing Commission -- California agency for enforcement of the Fair Employment and Housing Act

FEPC . . . . . . Fair Employment Practices Commission - Federal agency set up by the Executive Order in 1941 to investigate charges of discrimination based on race, creed, color, and national origin primarily in the defense industry

FFS . . . . . . . Fees For Service -- Term used to describe type of group medical plan where plan participants can choose any health care provider to deliver services and the plan pays a predetermined amount of expenses, after deductibles and coverage percentages are met

FICA . . . . . . Federal Insurance Contribution Act -- Federal legislation that mandated employers make contributions through payroll deductions for Social Security deductions from employer to employee

FIFO . . . . . . First In First Out

FLRA . . . . . .Federal Labor Relations Authority -- An independent federal agency with authority to oversee and administer union/management relations in the federal government and to investigate unfair practices during union organization efforts

FLSA . . . . . .Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 -- Federal law that outlines employer requirement for payment of wages, overtime, child labor, etc. in the production of goods and services within interstate commerce

FLTCIP. . . . Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program -- Federal employees

FMCS . . . . . Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service -- Federal agency created under Taft-Hartley Act

FME . . . . . . Formal Medical Evaluation -- Evaluation required when employer claims there is no permanent disability under a case for work-related injury and the employee makes a request for another opinion on the matter

FMLA . . . . .Family and Medical Leave Act -- Federal legislation that requires employers with 50 or more employees to grant time off to eligible employees to take care of dependents or serious health conditions

FMV . . . . . .Fair Market Value

FOIA . . . . . .Freedom of Information Act -- Federal legislation that requires federal agencies to make certain information available to the public unless the information is exempt from that disclosure

FSA . . . . . . .Flexible Spending Account -- Type of benefit plan which allows employees to forego salary in order to set up an account with pre-tax dollars to pay for certain health care expenses allowed by IRS codes

FSIP . . . . . . Federal Service Impasse Panel -- A federal agency with the authority to investigate situations in which union/management negotiations reach an impasse under federal government contracts

FTAA . . . . . Free Trade Area of the Americas (federal)

FTB . . . . . . .Franchise Tax Board -- California agency similar to IRS

FTC . . . . . . .Federal Trade Commission

FTDI . . . . . . Family Temporary Disability Insurance - California paid leave program administered by the Disability Insurance branch of the State Employment Development Department (EDD)

FUI . . . . . .. .Federal Unemployment Insurance -- Term that describes a portion of a dual federal/state unemployment insurance program and applies to determining types of employment and employees covered under FUTA

FUTA . . . . . .Federal Unemployment Tax Act -- Federal legislation which encourages employers to stabilize their workforce and provides emergency income to employees who are temporarily unemployed

FY . . . . . . . Fiscal Year -- Term to describe business year that may or may not correspond to a calendar year

 


G

GAAP . . . . . Generally Accepted Accounting Program -- See FASB

GAIN . . . . . .Greater Avenues to Independence -- Job training program under the California Department of Social Services that allows recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children to obtain employment

GAO . . . . . . General Account Office - The audit, evaluation and investigative arm of Congress.

GASB . . . . . .Government Accounting Standards Board

GAW . . . . . . Guaranteed Annual Wage -- Plan developed by employers so that overtime is not computed on a fixed daily or weekly basis under FLSA

GBA . . . . Group Benefits Associate from IFEBP and Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

GIC . . . . . . . Guaranteed Investment Contract -- An investment vehicle that entails a fixed investment for a specified period of time at a guaranteed rate

GULP . . . . . .Group Universal Life Plan -- A form of life insurance that combines term protection for beneficiaries with an investment element for the policy holder

GISO . . . . . . . General Industry Safety Orders (8CCR, Chapter 4, Subchapter 7)

GSA . . . . . . . . General Services Administration (federal)

 


H

H-1B . . . . . . .Type of Visa

HCE . . . . . . . Highly Compensated Employee -- As defined in the Tax Reform Act of 1986, employees who meet certain tests of salary or ownership in the company

HCFA . . . . . . Health Care Financing Administration -- Federal agency charged with enforcement of among other things, "Medicare as Secondary Payer" provision of the Medicare law

HHS . . . . . . Department of Health and Human Services (federal)

HIAA . . . . . . Health Insurance Association of America

HIPC . . . . . . .Health Insurance Purchasing Cooperative -- An organization to purchase health insurance on behalf of smaller employers in its regional areas

HIPP . . . . . . . Health Insurance Premium Payment -- Program operated by the Department of Health Services in California that may pay health care premium for certain eligible persons who are unemployed

HIPAA . . . . . .Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 -- Works in conjunction with COBRA to ensure a health insurance portability system permitting employees to change jobs without losing health insurance coverage because of preexisting conditions (federal)

HMO . . . . . . .Health Maintenance Organization -- Type of healthcare provider identified with an employer provided insurance plan established under HMOA of 1973

HMOA . . . . . .Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973 -- Federal legislation that required employers with health benefit plans to offer employees the option of belonging to an HMO if the employee or the HMO requested it (this act was amended in 1988)

HRA . . . . . . . Health Reimbursement Arrangement (Account) - Reimbursement account for employees that is funded by the employer. Excess funds may be carried over to the next year.

HRIS . . . . . . . Human Resources Information System -- Term describing computerized database and analysis programs focused on human resources related issues

HSA . . . . . . Health Savings Account

HUD . . . . . . U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

 


I

I-9 . . . . . . . . Form required to be completed for each newly hired employee under IRCA

ICC . . . . . . . .Interstate Commerce Commission -- Federal agency that regulates trade traffic and communication between states

ICDA . . . . . . International Classification of Disease Adapted -- Group of over 3400 diagnoses with established standards of practice used by medical insurance carriers for claims Administration

ICI . . . . . . . .Investment Company Institute

IFEBP . . . . . International Foundation of Employee Benefits Plans

IIPP . . . . . . . Injury and Illness Protection Program -- State requirement under SB 198 for employers to have a written program to protect the employees

IMC . . . . . . . Industrial Medical Council -- A 14 member panel of physicians appointed by the Governor and the Legislature to deal with medical issues that arise out of the Workers' Compensation system

INS . . . . . . . .Immigration and Naturalization Service (federal) -- former name of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)

IPA . . . . . . . .Individual Practice Association -- Type of HMO that contracts with doctors to see HMO members out of their individual offices

IRA . . . . . . . Individual Retirement Account -- Tax deferred savings account set up under the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 by the federal government

IRC . . . . . . . .Internal Revenue Code (federal)

IRCA . . . . . . Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 -- Federal legislation that requires employers to verify the employment eligibility of all workers hired after November 6, 1986

IRRA . . . . . . Industrial Relations Research Association

IRS . . . . . . . .Internal Revenue Service (federal)

ISEE . . . . . . . Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

ISO . . . . . . . .Incentive Stock Option -- An option that entitles an employee to purchase company stock at a fixed price

ISO . . . . . . . International Organization for Standardization -- responsible for the ISO 9000, 9001 and other international quality standards.

IVE . . . . . . . Independent Vocational Evaluator -- Person qualified under Labor Code 4635 (c) in rehabilitation because of the educational degree or certification to develop rehabilitation plans

IWC . . . . . . .Industrial Welfare Commission -- State agency is a five member commission within the Department of Industrial Relations whose principal role is to adopt and revise wage orders dealing with such items as minimum wage and overtime

 


J

J&S . . . . . . . .Joint and Survivor Annuity -- An annuity paid for the lifetime of the plan participant, with a survivor annuity paid to the participant's spouse or beneficiary

JCAHO . . . . . Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations

JPA . . . . . . . .Joint Powers Authority -- Joint agreement between public agencies to pool funds to provide payment of JPA's Workers' Compensation liabilities

JTPA . . . . . . .Job Training Partnership Act of 1982 -- Federal legislation replacing CETA allowing contractors subject to EO 11246 to establish training programs for individuals to assist the contractor in meeting the AAP obligations. Replaced by the Workforce Investment Partnership Act (WIPA) of 1998.

 


L

LAAC . . . . . .Los Angeles Administrative Code

LBO . . . . . . . Leverage Buyout

LC . . . . . . . . Labor Code -- Term that describes codification of legislation dealing with employment related matters

LDW . . . . . . .Last Day Worked -- A term that identifies the last day an employee performed any work for an employer that may or may not be different form the termination/resignation date

LMRA . . . . . .Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 -- federal legislation, known as the Taft-Hartley

LMRDA . . . . Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959 -- Federal legislation designed to eliminate deficiencies in labor-management relations by affecting unions and their rules of governance

LOA . . . . . . .Leave of Absence

LO/TO . . . . . Lock Out/Tag Out -- OHSA standard concerning control of hazardous energy sources in the work place to safeguard employees from unexpected release of such energy

LTC . . . . . . . Long Term Care - Care for individuals with disabilities or chronic care needs in nursing homes, assisted living facilities, in- home, etc.

LTD . . . . . . . Long Term Disability -- A term describing an insurance plan that provides income protection to employees who qualify for coverage and are on a long term leave of absence from work for an illness or injury

LWC . . . . . . . Lost Workday Case for OSHA recording

LWDA . . . . Labor and Workforce Development Agency (California)

 


M

MBE . . . . . . . Minority Business Enterprises -- Designation under Small Business Act, Sect 8(a) that allows set asides for small disadvantaged business concerns

MBO . . . . . . . Management by Objective -- Performance appraisal that incorporates the employee in the appraisal process by allowing employee latitude in developing methods in achieving overall objectives of the company

MCM . . . . . . .Medical Case Management -- An arrangement to review and coordinate care prescribed for seriously ill individuals in an effort to provide equally effective but less costly care

MET . . . . . . . Multi-employer Trust -- A legal trust established by plan sponsor to bring together a number of small employers for the purpose of providing group medical coverage on an insured or self-funded basis

MEWA . . . . . .Multi-employer Welfare Arrangement -- A welfare plan that provides benefits to employees of two or more employers that are not otherwise covered by a collective bargaining agreement

MET . . . . . . . Multiple Employer Trust -- Trust that provides benefits to employees of subscribing employers that may be too small to otherwise qualify for group insurance

M/F/V/D . . . Male/Female/Veteran/Disabled -- Acronym frequently used in employment advertisements to denote the employer is actively involved in an AAP and seeking applicants in all the categories

MID . . . . . . . Mortgage Interest Differential -- A relocation benefit designed to compensate employees for the difference in old and new home mortgage interest rates

MIS . . . . . . . Management Information System -- Term used to describe organizational unit responsible for company computer operations and programming

MPP . . . . . . . Money-purchase Pension Plans -- A benefit or pension plan in which employer and employee contributions are fixed, flat amounts of percentages of pay with benefits paid on the basis of accumulated contributions and the time the benefit becomes payable

MSA . . . . . . . Medical Savings Account - Also called Archer MSA's. An individual account that may be employer or employee funded for use to pay health expenses for high-deductible health plans. Tax implications differ from FSA's.

MSC . . . . . . . Mandatory Settlement Conference -- When an Application for Adjudication of Claim is filed with WCAB, this conference must be held within 30 days to attempt to resolve the dispute before a regular hearing is scheduled on the WCAB calendar

MSD . . . . . . .Musculoskeletal injury

MSDS . . . . . .Material Safety Data Sheet -- Term used to describe information sheet prepared by chemical manufacturers and importers for every hazardous chemical they produce. These information sheets must be maintained by any employer who uses these items.

 


N

NAALC . . . . .North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation -- Side agreement on labor contained in North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

NAB . . . . . . .National Alliance of Business

NAFTA . . . . .North American Free Trade Agreement -- effective in 1994; facilitates travel to the United States and employment in the United States of certain Canadian and Mexican workers. NAFTA created a TN visa category specifically for professional Canadian and Mexican workers

NAIC . . . . . . National Association of Insurance Commissioners

NAICS . . . . . North American Industry Classification System -- Statistical classification standard devised to replace the Standard Industry Classification system.

NASD . . . . . .National Association of Securities Dealers - A not-for-profit private-sector provider of financial regulatory services. Operates the largest securities dispute resolution forum.

NER . . . . . . . New Employee Registry -- Cooperative effort between California's Employment Developmental Department and Department of Social Services to insure the collection of delinquent child support obligations

NHCE . . . . . .Non-highly compensated employee -- Not highly compensated (see HCE)

NIDA . . . . . . National Institute on Drugs and Alcohol -- Private agency promulgating information and standards for drug and alcohol testing for industry

NIOSH . . . . . .National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health -- Federal agency charged with responsibility for developing standards under OHS Act

NLRA . . . . . . National Labor Relations Act of 1935 -- Also known as Wagner Act. This federal legislation established the employees right to self-organization and collective bargaining

NLRB . . . . . . National Labor Relations Board -- Federal tribunal provided under the NLRA, appointed by the President and approved by the Senate, responsible for certifying union elections and resolving charges of unfair labor practices by either management or labor

NIOSH . . . . . .National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health -- Federal agency charged with responsibility for developing standards under OHS Act

NSC . . . . . . . National Safety Council

 


O

OASDI . . . . .Old Age, Survivors, Disability Insurance -- Income and disability trust funds under Title II of the Social Security Act, covers retired workers and dependents of insured workers (Federal)

OBAE . . . . . . Office of Benefit Assistance and Enforcement -- State agency within Division of Workers Compensation charged with responsibility for insuring benefits are delivered to injured worker accurately and timely

OBRA . . . . . .Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986 -- Federal legislation requiring employers to continue accruing pension benefits for employees age 65 or over

OBRA . . . . . .Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 -- Amended ERISA and the IRS Codes primarily intended to increase the solvency of single-employer pension plans (Federal)

OBRA . . . . . .Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 -- Federal legislation changed some tax law and ERISA to include extensions of exclusions for education and group legal plans. Also affected COBRA and ESOP legislation.

OBRA . . . . . .Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 -- Federal legislation making minor changes to benefit laws

OBRA . . . . . . Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 -- Federal legislation that capped deductions for executive pay at $1MM and made some other minor changes to benefit laws

OD . . . . . . . . Organizational Development

ODA . . . . . . .Order, Decision or Award -- Term used to describe order issued by hearing officer in wage claims brought before the California Labor Commissioner (California)

OFCCP . . . . . Office of Federal Contracts Compliance Program -- Federal agency charged with the review and enforcement of Affirmative Action Plans under Executive Order 11246 or other regulations

OJT . . . . . . . .On the Job Training

OPEB . . . . . . Other Post-employment Benefits -- refers to FASB -- 106 standard governing accounting for health care benefits for retirees

OPIM . . . . . . Other potentially infections material [GISO 5193(b)]

OLM . . . . . . . Office of Labor Management

OMB . . . . . . .Office of Management and Budget

OSHA . . . . . .Occupational Safety and Health Administration -- Federal agency within the Department of Health and Human Services responsible for the administration of workplace safety under the Occupation Safety and Health Act

OSHSB . . . . . Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board (California)

OT . . . . . . . .Overtime

OWBPA . . . . .Older Workers Benefits Protection Act of 1990 -- Federal legislation that provides "equal benefit or equal cost" rule to benefits provided to older workers and eliminates employers ability to offer benefits on the basis of age. Also sets forth certain requirements for age discriminations waivers.

OWCP . . . . . Office of Workers' Compensation Programs

 


P

P & S . . . . . . Permanent and Stationary -- Term used to describe the determination of a W/C physician that the condition due to injury will not change as the result of continued medical treatment

PAC . . . . . . . Political Action Committee

PAGA . . . . . . Private Attorneys General Act (California) -- Employees right to sue employers for violations of California Labor Code

PARSAP . . . . Performance-accelerated Restricted-stock Award Plan -- A restricted-stock award or grant that vests on an accelerated basis if preset objectives or performance levels are met

PAYSOP . . . . Payroll-based Credit Employee Stock Ownership Plan -- Type of ESOP which is paid by employee payroll deduction

PBGC . . . . . . Pension Benefits Guarantee Corporation -- A federal corporation, established by ERISA that insures benefit plans will have sufficient assets to pay plan participants by collecting an insurance premium from employers. Renamed Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA).

PD . . . . . . . . Permanent Disability -- A physical condition is considered permanent after the employee has reached maximum medical improvement, the condition has been stationary for a reasonable period of time and not expected to change in a lifetime

PDA . . . . . . .Pregnancy Disability Act of 1978 -- Federal legislation requiring health insurance plans to provide the same benefits for maternity coverage as are provided for all other medical conditions

PDA . . . . . . . Pregnancy Disability Act -- See CPDA for California

PDL . . . . . . . Pregnancy Disability Leave -- See CPDA

PDR . . . . . . . Permanent Disability Rating -- Rating given an employee for injuries causing disability in one of 100 standard disabilities beyond the point the employee is designated as permanent and stationary

PFL . . . . . . Paid Family Leave -- California wage replacement program, not a leave of absence

PHI . . . . . . Protected Health Information (HIPAA Privacy) -- Individually identifiable health information

PHR . . . . . . .Professional of Human Resources

PHSA . . . . . .Public Health Service Act

PIA . . . . . . . Primary Insurance Amount -- Term used by Social Security Administration to describe workers' basic monthly entitlement

PIC . . . . . . . . Private Industrial Council

PIHRA . . . . . . Professionals in Human Resources Association

P. L. . . . . . . . Public Law

POP . . . . . . . Premium Only Plan -- Plan set up under Section 125 of IRS Code to enable employees to pay premiums for another plan on a pre-tax basis

POS . . . . . . . Point of Service -- Term used to describe group medical plan that allows participants to choose between a fee-for service plan and an HMO-type plan for health care services at the time the services are needed, rather than having to choose the type of plan at annual open enrollment

PPA . . . . . . . Pension Protection Act of 1987 -- Federal legislation, part of OBRA 1987, that places funding and termination of pension plans for multi-employer plans

PPD . . . . . . . Permanent Partial Disability -- Term used to describe an award for an injury that has limited the employees' ability to perform "usual work" where the condition is not expected to change or improve

PPE . . . . . . . Personal protective equipment

PPO . . . . . . . Preferred Provider Organization -- Panel of healthcare providers identified by insurance carrier to plan participants entitling member to receive different level of benefit

PWBA . . . . . .Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration -- Federal agency within the DOL that carries out ERISA Title I programs on fiduciary standards, reporting and disclosure, and employee protection and enforcement

PWCJ . . . . . . Presiding Workers' Compensation Judge -- Has administrative responsibilities for the WCAB field offices and assigns W/C cases to the trial judges in that office (California)

 


Q

QDRO . . . . . .Qualified Domestic Relations Order -- Relates to pension plan distributions as a result of the Retirement Equity Act of 1984 (federal)

QIW . . . . . . . Qualified Injured Worker -- Term that describes an injured employee who meets the requirement of being both medically eligible and vocationally feasible under Labor Code 4635(a)

QJSA . . . . . . .Qualified Joint and Survivor Annuity -- An annuity for the lifetime of the participant with payment of original annuity to spouse if spouse outlives participant

QMCSO . . . . .Qualified Medical Child Support Order - Relates to medical child support

QME . . . . . . .Qualified Medical Examiner -- Physician who devotes the majority of his/her practice to medical treatment of work related injuries and is certified by the IMC to render an opinion that will be held enforceable by WCAB (State)

QNEC . . . . . .Qualified Non-elective Contributions -- Refers to contributions to 401(k) plans employers may use to pass ACP and ADP tests for IRS

QRR . . . . . . .Qualified Rehabilitation Representative -- Person capable of developing and implementing a vocation rehabilitation program and whose duties regularly involve evaluation, counseling or placement of a disabled person under California Labor Code 4635(b)

 


R

R . . . . . . . . . Recordable injury for OSHA recording

R&C . . . . . . .Reasonable and Customary -- See UCR

REA . . . . . . . Retirement Equity Act of 1984 -- Federal legislation amending ERISA with provisions that increased the opportunities for women (including participant's spouse) to qualify for retirement plans

RFID . . . . . . . Radio Frequency Identification Device

RIF . . . . . . . . Reduction in Force -- Term used to describe change in employment relationship due to the lack of work or reorganization

RFOA............ Reasonable factors other than age - employer burden of proof in ADEA cases

RFP . . . . . . .. Request for Proposal

RLA . . . . . . . Railway Labor Act -- Federal legislation recognizing the right of collective bargaining in the airline and railroad industries

RMI . . . . . . . .Repetitive Motion Injury

ROP . . . . . . . Regional Occupational Plan

RPA . . . . . ... Retirement Plans Associate from the IFEBP and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

RTW . . . . . . . Return to Work

 


S

SAR . . . . . . . Summary Annual Report -- Benefit plan financial report filed annually

SARA . . . . . . Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act -- Federal legislation covering emergency planning and community rights to know about hazardous and toxic chemicals

SARSEP . . . . Salary Reduction Simplified Employee Pension Plan -- See SEP

SAWW . . . . . State Average Weekly Wage -- See AWW

SB . . . . . . . . .Senate Bill -- Legislation that is initiated by the Senate of the State of California

SBA . . . . . . . Small Business Administration -- Federal Agency

SBJPA . . . . . . Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996

SCHIP . . . . . . State Children's Health Insurance Program -- For children in low-income families that is administered by CMS

SCIF . . . . . . . State Compensation Insurance Fund (California)

SCORE . . . . . Service Corp of Retired Executives

SDI . . . . . . . . State Disability Insurance -- Insurance program that provides benefits to eligible workers experiencing a loss of wages when they are unable to perform their usual work because of pregnancy or non-occupational illness or injury

SEC . . . . . . . Securities and Exchange Commission - Primary mission is to protect investors and maintain the integrity of the securities markets

SEIU . . . . . . . Service Employees International Union

SEP . . . . . . . .Summary or Simplified Employee Pension Plan -- A retirement program structured to provide IRA's for all participants who meet certain eligibility requirements, established under the Revenue Act of 1978

SHRM . . . . . .Society for Human Resources Management

SIC . . . . . . . .Standard Industrial Classification -- Statistical classification standard underlying all establishment-based Federal economic statistical classifications by industry

SIMPLE . . . . Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees

SLOB . . . . . . Separate Line of Business -- Term used to describe separation of business entities for benefit and insurance plans under ERISA

SMSA . . . . . . Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area

SNE . . . . . . . Salary Non-exempt -- Term used to describe classification of employee who is paid a salary but is entitled to overtime under federal and state wage law

SPD . . . . . . . Simplified Plan Description -- An ERISA requirement that benefit plan documents be written in plain English understandable to plan participants, clearly explaining the plan provisions (federal)

SPHR . . . . . . Senior Professional of Human Resources

SSA . . . . . . . Social Security Act of 1935 -- Federal legislation establishing a national social insurance program and the agency to administer it

SSA . . . . . . . Social Security Administration -- created by Social Security Act of 1935 (See SSA above.) (federal)

SSDI . . . . . . . Social Security Disability Insurance -- Social security plan that provides benefits for workers unable to work because of long term disability (federal)

SSI . . . . . . . . Supplemental Security Income -- Social Security plan that provides benefits to those workers with very low incomes (federal)

SSN . . . . . . . Social Security Number

SSO . . . . . . . Second Surgical Opinion -- Group medical insurance provision that allows plan participants to obtain a second opinion about a pending surgery as part of a case management and cost control measure

SSD . . . . . . . Short Term Disability -- Type of insurance to cover loss of income for non-work related injuries commencing shortly after the injury causes the person to miss work

STIF . . . . . . . Short Term Investment Fund -- Fund used by plan administers to hold assets for short periods until funds can be invested

SUB . . . . . . . Supplemental Unemployment Benefits -- Benefits paid under the terms of a collective bargaining agreement that supplements statutory unemployment benefits

SUI . . . . . . . . State Unemployment Insurance -- Mandatory payment by employer into a state fund for the payment of unemployment claims

 


T

T . . . . . . . . . Title

TAMRA . . . . Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988 -- Federal legislation that made technical corrections to both ERISA and IRS Codes

TD . . . . . . . . Temporary Disability -- Within Workers' Compensation this term describes the determination that an injury to an employee preventing him/her from performing "usual work" will subside after a course of medical treatment or a period of healing

TDD . . . . . . .Telephone Device for Deaf Persons

TEFRA . . . . . Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1988 -- Federal legislation amending ERISA and adding "top heavy" requirements to pension plans

 

TJTC . . . . . . .Targeted Jobs Tax Credit -- Federal program to encourage employers to hire and train economically disadvantaged persons by offering tax credits to employers

TN . . . . . . . . The category "Professionals" under the North American Free Trade Agreement is available only to citizens of Mexico and Canada. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) a citizen of a NAFTA country may work in professional occupation in another NAFTA country provided that 1) the profession is on the NAFTA list, 2) the alien possesses the specific criteria for that profession, 3) the prospective position requires someone in that professional capacity and 4) the alien is going to work for a U.S. employer. The spouse and unmarried, minor children of the principal alien are entitled to the derivative status, but they are unable to accept employment in the United States. Aliens entering under this classification are considered non-immigrants.

TOR . . . . . . . Top of Range -- Term used to describe employee who has reached a compensation level that is at the maximum of the established range for the job

TPO . . . . . . Treatment, Payment and Health Care Operations (HIPAA Privacy)

TPA . . . . . . . Third Party Administrator -- Contractor hired to administer self-insured benefits plans for employers

TQM . . . . . . .Total Quality Management -- Process to improve the quality of a product or service in business adapted from Deming methods of production

TRA . . . . . . . Tax Reform Act of 1984 -- Federal legislation regarding credits for ESOP plans to extended COLA limitations on pension plans

TRA . . . . . . . Tax Reform Act of 1986 -- Federal legislation that was the largest revision to the IRS Codes since their inception

TRA . . . . . . . Tax Reform Act of 1997 - Federal legislation that places certain limits on investment of employee salary reduction contributions in employer stock or employer real property (Section 1524)

TRASOP . . . . Tax Credit Employee Stock Ownership Plan -- Defined Contribution plan that allows employees to accumulate capital in the form of company stock under a qualified program offered by an employer

TRO . . . . . . . Temporary Restraining Order -- Order issued by a court of jurisdiction that limits the activity of a party

TSA . . . . . . . Tax Sheltered Annuity -- An arrangement described in the IRS codes that allows employees of certain institutions to defer income to purchase an annuity for retirement

TTD . . . . . . . Temporary Total Disability -- Refers to an incapacity to do any kind of work; temporary partial disability indicates a condition that allows an employee to do some occupational functions.

 


U

U & C . . . . . .Usual and Customary -- See UCR

UCR . . . . . . .Usual, Customary and Reasonable -- A fee screening system developed by insurers of medical plans to establish a guideline for payment of claims

UI . . . . . . . . Unemployment Insurance -- State administered program that provides financial protection for workers during periods of involuntary unemployment

UL . . . . . . . . Underwriters Laboratory -- Private organization standards adopted by industry to insure product safety

UR . . . . . . . . Utilization Review - Term used to describe review panel established by health benefits plan insurance carriers to insure that treatment plans recommended by physicians are adequate for care of patient

U.S.C. . . . . . .United States Code

USCIS . . . . . . United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (formerly INS)

USERRA . . . . Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 -- Federal legislation that codifies many of the court cases and earlier statutes about discriminatory policies against persons who serve in the Armed Forces of the United States

 


V

VA . . . . . . . . Veterans Administration

VDT . . . . . . . Video Display Terminal -- Television-like device used to display information from a computer or electronic typewriter

VEBA . . . . . . Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Associations -- Tax exempt trust under IRS codes that provide employers the opportunity to accumulate assets for a benefit plan under IRS code 501(c)(9)

VETS-100 . . . . Data form required by the federal government for contractors that details hiring practices affecting veterans

VEVRAA . . . . Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 -- Federal legislation that requires employers to re-employ veterans to the same or similar job with no loss in seniority, wages or benefits

VISA . . . . . . .Permits individuals to enter a country (i.e. U.S.), including, but not limited to:

E-1 . . . . . Treaty trader and E-2 treaty trader investor visas are temporary visas for persons in managerial, executive, or essential skills capacities who themselves qualify for or are employed by companies that qualify as treaty investors or treaty traders with the United States. E visas are commonly used to transfer managers, executives, or technicians with specialized knowledge about the proprietary processes or practices of a foreign company to assist the company at its United States location. Generally, E visa holders receive a five-year visa stamp but only one-year entries at any time. Dependents (spouse and minor children) of E visa holders do not have specific employment authorization, although INS has indicated that it will not pursue deportation of E dependents who work while in the United States. Such employment of E dependents is not authorized, however and would expose an E dependent's employer to employer sanctions.

F-1 . . . . . .Students who have been admitted tot he US for the duration of status (D/S),i.e., as long as necessary to complete the approved course of study, a post-completion period of practical training during which they are entitled to employment authorization, plus a "grace period" of 60 days within which to depart from the US.

J-1 . . . . . .Students admitted for the duration of approved exchange program ("D/S") sponsored by an American educational institution plus a "grace period" of 30 days

H-1B . . . . .For non-immigrant aliens employed in specialty occupations, or as a fashion model of distinguished merit and ability. A specialty occupation requires theoretical and practical application of specialized knowledge and has a bachelor's degree, or higher, in the specialty as a minimum for admission into the U.S.

H-2B . . . . .Normally obtainable for one year, requires certification from DOL that there are no qualified U.S. workers available

H-3 . . . . . Training VISA -- permits foreign employees to train in U.S. for up to two years.

L-1 . . . . . .Permits foreign nationals to transfer to the U.S. provided that during the three years immediately prior to the transfer, the employee has been employed for at least one year outside the U.S. by a parent, subsidiary or affiliate company of the U.S. entity to which the employee will be transferred. The employee must be either in a managerial (or executive) capacity or in a capacity which requires "special knowledge."

M-1 . . . . . . Students admitted for the lesser of one year or the period of time necessary to complete the approved course of study plus a "grace period" of 30 days.

P-1 . . . . . . .Used by internationally recognized athletes and entertainment groups

The above information regarding Visa's is a brief overview and is not intended to be complete.

VF . . . . . . . Vocational Feasibility -- Term describing conditions where an employee can reasonably be expected to return to suitable, gainful employment, through provisions of a vocational rehabilitation program as outline in California Labor Code 4635(a)(2)

VR . . . . . . . .Vocational Rehabilitation

VRMA . . . . .Vocational Rehabilitation Maintenance Allowance

VRTD . . . . . .Vocational Rehabilitation Temporary Disability

VRU . . . . . . .Vocational Rehabilitation Unit -- Formerly known as the Rehabilitation Bureau, this unit within the Office of Benefits Determination has the duty to foster, review and approve vocational rehabilitation plans

 


W

WARN . . . . . Workers Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act of 1989 -- Affects employers of 100 or more employees who plan layoffs or shutdowns of significant parts of the organization (Federal)

WC . . . . . . . Workers' Compensation -- term used to describe an insurance program to pay for wages and treatment of employees who experience on the job related injury or illness

WBE . . . . . . .Women's Business Enterprises -- Designation under Small Business Act, Section 8(a) that allows set asides for small disadvantaged business concerns

WCAB . . . . . Workers' Compensation Appeals Board -- State tribunal established to hear cases regarding W/C claims

WCIRB . . . . . Workers' Compensation Insurance Ratings Bureau -- Private organization that is authorized by the Insurance Commissioner in California to set up premium rates for W/C insurance carriers

WCJ . . . . . . . Workers' Compensation Judge

WIC . . . . . . . .Women, Infant and Children - special supplemental food program

WIN . . . . . . . .Work Incentive Program

WIPA . . . . . . .Workforce Investment Partnership Act of 1998 - Federal legislation replacing JTPA which consolidated federal training support programs. Employers who meet the WIPA criteria hiring and training individuals receive tax credits and other assistance.

WPPDA . . . . . Welfare and Pension Plans Disclosure Act (federal)

 


Z

ZIP . . . . . . . . Zone Improvement Plan (ZIP codes)

 

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